Maulvibazar is a district in North-Eastern Bangladesh. It is a district of the Sylhet Division.
Islam was brought to the area hundreds of years ago by the famous Muslim Saint, Hazrat Shah Jalal (RA). The Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mustafa (RA) a companion of the greatest saint Hazrat Shah Jalal (RA) is located in Moulvibazar town. Originally, with the advent of a saint Hazrat, Syed Shah Mustafa Sher-E-Sowar Chabukmar Baghdadi (RA) for preaching Islam, Moulvibazar became famous. Moulvibazar got its name from the large number (360) of Muslim priests, or Moulvis, that inhabited the area following the advent of Islam.
In the year 1882, it was declared a sub-division under the name of "South Sylhet". Later the Sub-division was renamed, during the British occupation of the region, as Moulvibazar. In 1984, the then President H.M.Ershad upgraded Moulvibazar to the status of 'district'. The First Deputy Commissioner of the district was Shakir Uddin Ahmed and the first Police Superintendent was Mukleshur Rahman. Saifur Rahman, the longest serving finance minister of Bangladesh, hails from this district.
The area is home to the shrine of Shah Mustafa, a companion of Shah Jalal, the man who brought Islam into what was then India. It is also home to many tea plantations. Moulvibazar town now has a shopping mall and several Indian, Chinese and American eateries.
Map of Moulvibazar
Maulvibazar is in Sylhet, a district to the North-East of Bangladesh. It is 2,707 km2 in area, and has a population of 1.38 million. It is situated between 24.10 degree 24.35 degree north latitude and between 90.35 degree and 91.20-degree east longitude. It is surrounded by Sylhet District in the north, Habiganj District in the west and Indian States of Assam and Tripura in the east and south respectively.
The main rivers of the district are the Manu, the Dholoi and the Juri. These rivers flow from India. Every year during the rainy season, when there is excessive rainfall in India, the surplus water flows through these rivers causing huge floods in the low-lying parts of Maulvibazar (e.g. the villages of Balikhandi and Shampashi on the northern side of the river Manu). Unless the rivers are properly dredged the floods can be devastating.
Maulvibazar is made up of 6 subdivisions or upazilas. They are:
* Maulvibazar Sadar
There are 67 Unions, 2,064 Villages and 4 Pourashavas namely Kamalganj, Kulaura, Sreemongal, Moulvibazar. Almost 50,000 of the tribal population belong to Manipuri, Khasia and Tripura tribes. They tend to live in the areas of Kamalganj, Sreemongal and Kulaura Upazila of this district. There are 92 tea gardens in this district that has made it one of the most beautiful places in Bangladesh.
"The tendinous part of the mind, so to speak, is more developed in winter; the fleshy, in summer. I should say winter had given the bone and sinew to literature, summer the tissues and the blood."